The most common forms of treatment
Nasal vasoconstrictors, commonly referred to as “nasal decongestants”, can help treat nasal congestion. Decongestants act on the dilated blood vessels of the inflamed nasal mucus reducing them in size (vasoconstriction). This relieves the congestion and makes breathing easier for a while. Due to how they work, they should not be used for long periods. Particularly in the case of patients suffering from cardiovascular illnesses (especially people with high blood pressure), they should only be taken on a doctor’s advice. Children under the age of twelve should not use vasoconstrictors and pregnant women or women who are lactating should only do so with their doctor’s consent.
Cortisones reduce inflammation by blocking both the causes of inflammation and the increased activity of the immune system triggered off by the allergy. They are prescribed by doctors and are an important remedy for allergies.
Antihistamines block the effects of histamine, one of the most common causes of allergies. They act rapidly to reduce the symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Often used in conjunction with nasal sprays.